5α-Reductase type 1 deficiency or inhibition predisposes to insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis, and liver fibrosis in rodents


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The nonselective 5α-reductase inhibitor finasteride induced hyperinsulinemia and hepatic steatosis (10.6 ± 1.2 vs. 7.0 ± 1.0 μmol ⋅ g(-1)) in obese male Zucker rats, both intact and castrated. 5αR1 deficiency induces insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, consistent with the intrahepatic accumulation of glucocorticoids, and predisposes to hepatic fibrosis.